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Members’ Finds, 2022

Following the success and popularity of our experimental Members' Finds Autumn 2020 project, we have now set up this new page for 2021 to which members are again invited to contribute. We are starting afresh with a new species list, so please email Penny photos of anything you find - even of species previously on last autumn's list. Try to illustrate all aspects of the fruit body, also remember not to reduce the photo size and to include the date, site, substrate, habitat plus any other useful features such a size, smell, etc. All extra clues are vital when identifying solely from photos. Ideally, try to collect at least one specimen and retain in a pot until you've heard back from Penny in case it might be needed for further investigation - records of rarities are of no use without voucher material as we discovered to our cost in several instances during our autumn project.

As Covid 19 Tier 4 restrictions (January 2021) require only essential travel in our area, we will all now be limited to our local patches. Therefore as Penny and Derek both live outside the county they will not now be able to contribute until the restrictions are eased. So it will be up to members to take on the challenge and keep the records coming in!

HAPPY HUNTING!

As before, please bear in mind that only collections having the scope symbol microscope icon have been fully examined in order to make a determination. No guarantee can therefore be given on the vast majority of identifications though all photos are checked and selected by Penny to the best of her ability. Basic accompanying notes are also Penny's but when of a species already covered in Members' Finds Autumn 2020 a reference to the appropriate date will be given rather than duplicating the identification tips here.

If and when numbers demand, we will include here a list of Latin / English names to facilitate the location of a particular species.

Click on thumbnail to see full size
For the complete and regularly updated list of entries click Latin or English

Contributors / Photographers: Cullington, Penny; Dodd, Andrew; Dodsworth, Joanna; Ebdon, Sarah; Ewan, Jackie; Ness, Russell; Schafer, Derek; Simpson, Bob; Webb, Barry; Williams, Claire; Wills, Jim.

Entries with a green background indicate rare sightings 5

Entries with a yellow background indicate species new to Buckinghamshire 4

Entries with a blue background indicate species new to UK 0

January 

Image Details

January 22nd 2022

Stereum rugosum  by Jim Wills Stereum rugosum  by Jim Wills January 22nd Stereum rugosum (Bleeding Broadleaf Crust)

In Stoke Common Jim Wills noticed fresh material of this flattish species fruiting on Birch. It tends to form irregular patches which sometimes join up to make quite big patches, usually remaining pale pinkish and flat.The photos show the species both before and after damaging, demonstrating the typical reddening which happens within seconds when the specimen is fresh. Two other Stereum species also redden in this way: S. gausapatum, typically on Oak, tends to turn yellow and a bit curly at the edges; S. sauinolentum is easinger to be sure of because it is only found on conifer. None of them redden once dry and past their sell-by date! Examples of all three can be found in Finds 2020.

January 17th 2022

Auricularia mesenterica  by Penny Cullington Auricularia mesenterica  by Penny Cullington Auricularia mesenterica  by Penny Cullington Auricularia mesenterica  by Penny Cullington January 17th Auricularia mesenterica (Tripe Fungus)

Whilst searching for various species which occur with Gorse in Burnham Beeches, Penny came across a broken stump with nice fresh collections of this species, closely related to Jelly Ear though shaped very differently. It is more bracket-like and here forming tiers, the upper surface rather hairy but rubbery gelatinous (photo 3) and sometimes zoned, the underside more wrinkled to veined and becoming darker to purple almost black (photo 4). It is not rare and can occur on various deciduous stumps or dead wood, also shrubs and Gorse as here. See also Finds 2020 October 28th where the zoned upper surface and veined underside is shown well.
Exidia nigricans  by Penny Cullington Exidia nigricans  by Penny Cullington Exidia nigricans  by Penny Cullington January 17th Exidia nigricans (Warlock's Butter) microscope

On a deciduous attached branch in Burnham Beeches Penny found this jelly fungus liberally fruiting and took a piece home to check the spore size. There is a fair amount of confusion regarding the names - both Latin and common - of two very similar species, E. glandulosa and E. plana. Both have been known as Witch's Butter and also confused with each other, but it appears now that what was E. plana is now E. nigricans (as named here) with a different common name also. The two are best separated by spore size (larger in today's species), but in the field E. nigricans forms a rather shapeless wrinkled shiny black brainlike mass, sometimes extending over 12 cms or more as seen here, easily detached from the substrate. E. glandulosa forms smaller patches but of bigger individual black 'cushions' and is more securely attached to the substrate. Both species have a bumpy slightly warty undersurface (seen in photo 3 - apologies for the quality!). Compare with E. glandulosa on Finds 2022 Jan 1st where the larger more shaped cushions can be seen.
Plicaturopsis crispa  by Penny Cullington Plicaturopsis crispa  by Penny Cullington Plicaturopsis crispa  by Penny Cullington January 17th Plicaturopsis crispa (Crimped Gill)

In Burnham Beeches Penny saw many examples of this species which is now becoming quite common, particularly on Birch as here. Photo 1 shows a thinnish broken branch liberally smothered with these small brackets; photo 2 is a closer example; photo 3 shows the underside with its distinctive fluted edge and unique crinkled gill-like structures, making this an easy species to separate from other small common brackets which can appear quite similar above. See other examples on Finds 2020 October 23rd and November 16th (as Plicatura crispa), also 2021 December 27th.
Fomitopsis betulina  by Penny Cullington Fomitopsis betulina  by Penny Cullington Fomitopsis betulina  by Penny Cullington Fomitopsis betulina  by Penny Cullington January 17th Fomitopsis betulina (Birch Bracket) with Trichoderma pulvinatum (Ochre Cushion)

In Burnham Beeches on fallen Birch Penny found some old fruitbodies of this common bracket (previously Piptoporus betulinus) and, knowing the likelihood of then finding this ascomycete growing on the pores, she broke a bracket off to take a look underneath. Sure enough there it was (previously Hypocrea pulvinata). Photos 2 and 3 show it at an early whitish stage, in photo 4 it is just beginning to turn yellow. It eventually turns ochre then brownish in age. It is only found on the underside of old fruitbodies. For younger examples of F. betulina see Finds 2020 September 18th.
Jackrogersella multiformis  by Penny Cullington Jackrogersella multiformis  by Penny Cullington Jackrogersella multiformis  by Penny Cullington January 17th Jackrogersella multiformis (Birch Woodwart)

In Burnham Beeches Penny found good examples of this common ascomycete - one of the hard crusty pyrenomycetes which will be more familiar under its old genus name of Hypoxylon (which incidentally is still in place for the equally common H. fragiforme (Beech Woodwart) and H. fuscum (Hazel Woodwart). Today's species is host specific to Birch and easily recognised by its lumpy elongated habit as seen here rather than forming colonies of round fruitbodies typical of other woodwarts. The surface is covered in tiny holes (ostioles) through which the spores are expelled, and when fresh it is reddish brown but gradually becomes darker then black. See also Finds 2020 November 30th (as Hypoxylon multiforme).
Armillaria sp. mycelium  by Penny Cullington Armillaria sp. mycelium  by Penny Cullington Armillaria sp. mycelium  by Penny Cullington January 17th Armillaria sp. mycelium (Honey Fungus 'bootlaces')

In Burnham Beeches Penny noticed a fallen Beech trunk with good examples of the shiny black 'bootlaces' typical of Honey Fungus running both through the rotting wood and just under the bark and visible in a thick tangle (photo 3) where the bark had come off. The mycelium of most fungi is thin, white, feathery and delicate but this parasitic genus has developed these distinctive thick tough mycelial threads which enable it to spread rapidly and very successfully. This is one of the few genera identifiable from its mycelium though not to species, hence the 'sp' in the heading. (There are various entries available in the previous Finds pages of Armillaria fruitbodies.)
Neobulgaria pura  by Penny Cullington January 17th Neobulgaria pura (Beech Jellydisc)

On a fallen Beech trunk in Burnham Beeches Penny found some still slightly frosted but easily recognisable specimens of this common gelatinous ascomycete. For more notes and images see in Finds 2020 October 12th, also 2021 August 23rd & October 5th.
Ascocoryne cylichnium  by Penny Cullington January 17th Ascocoryne cylichnium (a Purple Jellydisc look-alike)

On a bare patch on a fallen rotting Birch trunk in Burnham Beeches Penny noticed several clusters of this small reddish-purple gelatinous ascomycete and as it appeared to be forming small cups she took it home to check whether it was the more commonly recorded A. sarcoides (Purple Jellydisc) or the possibly equally common but sometimes probably misnamed A. cylichnium. The two are described as more or less identical in the field, separable only by the markedly larger spores of today's species, but if it grows bigger and becomes cup-shaped it often seems to turn out to have the larger spores as did today's collection. See examples of A. sarcoides in Finds 2020 October 06, 18 & November 16, also 2021 November 17th (though this last was not checked and looks quite possibly like A. cylichnium!)

January 16th 2022

Fomes fomentarius  by Jim Wills Fomes fomentarius  by Jim Wills Fomes fomentarius  by Jim Wills January 16th Fomes fomentarius (Hoof Fungus)

In Hodgemoor Woods Jim Wills noticed this distinctive bracket on quite a few Birch trunks both standing and fallen, commenting that on one trunk there were 40 specimens! Photo 2 shows its pore surface underneath. Photo 3 was taken by Penny at Burnham Beeches the following day, also on fallen Birch where the species now appears to be almost as common as Fomitopsis betulina (Birch Bracket). Interestingly Jim also reports this fungus on Red Maple in Chalfont St. Peter. See also Finds 2020 September 15th and November 30th.

January 15th 2022

Badhamia utricularis  by Barry Webb January 15th Badhamia utricularis (a Slime Mould with no common name)

In Penn Wood on fallen Beech Barry Webb found this interesting and distinctive common species - one for which we have just a handful of records. No, the photo is not up-side-down (as Penny at first suspected)! Apparently the species typically hangs down just like this with clusters of blotchy marbled sporangia suspended on bright orange 'strings'. (For more examples go to Barry's separate page on Finds.)

January 13th 2022

Tremella foliacea  by Andrew Dodd January 13th Tremella foliacea (Leafy Brain)

In Hills Wood, south of Frieth, Andrew and Lisa Dodd noticed this large gelatinous lump at head height on a deciduous trunk and wondered what it was. Recognisable from Andrew's photo, this is quite a common jelly fungus, several different species of which have been found recently and seem to be fruiting happily at present. See also on Finds 2020, October 11th.

January 12th 2022

Leucocybe houghtonii  by Sarah Ebdon Leucocybe houghtonii  by Sarah Ebdon Leucocybe houghtonii  by Sarah Ebdon January 12th Leucocybe houghtonii (a Funnel with no common name) microscope

In deciduous litter adjacent to a footpath near Loosley Row Sarah Ebdon chanced upon this collection of mushrooms and was baffled by them. On seeing her photo Penny suggested that she should see if - when she squashed the gills a bit - it developed a smell of tomato leaves as it dried out! Sure enough it did (though apparently it didn't last long) and the spores and white spore print helped to confirm it. This unusual species, previously in Clitocybe, is a smallish Funnel which has rather a fluted cap edge and strongly decurrent gills, but the best characters to note are the pink shade to both cap and gills and, of course, its remarkable smell. Anyone who's grown or handled tomato plants will recognise it straight away, but it often needs bruising and then a little time for it to be detectable. Smells can be fickle especially late season with frosts around, so it-s no surprise that this should have faded here. We have about ten sites for the species with records for October and November, but none for January!
Ripartites tricholoma  by Sarah Ebdon Ripartites tricholoma  by Sarah Ebdon January 12th Ripartites tricholoma (Bearded Seamine) microscope

At Lacey Green Churchyard Sarah Ebdon found just this singleton in conifer litter, took it home to work on, then tentatively (and correctly) suggested to Penny this name. Somewhat similar to a smallish Clitocybe species (for which it is most likely often mistaken) the gills are a bit too coloured for that genus and the cap is somewhat hairy - though Sarah noted that this feature became much less apparent a few hours after collection. The confirmation, however, comes from its small roundish and clearly but finely spiny spores (hence its common name) - not found in Clitocybe. We have extremely few records of this species. See also in the report for Bittam's Wood, October 31st 2021.
Marasmius hudsonii  by Claire Williams Marasmius hudsonii  by Claire Williams January 12th Marasmius hudsonii (Holly Parachute)

This unusual and intriguing little mushroom was found independently at two sites today (though only a few miles apart): at Lacey Green Churchyard by Sarah Ebdon and Penny, also at Naphill Common by Claire Williams (the photographer here) with Barry Webb and Gill Ferguson. With a handlens it is instantly recognisable from the tiny brown-red bristles covering the cap, but only occurs on soggy rotting Holly leaves. It's clearly a late season fruiter (see also in Finds 2021 dated December 30th) and has a distinctive horsehair-like black stem, paler and reddish at the apex. It never gets much bigger than 5mm across and is usually much smaller than that. Definitely one to look out for under Holly at the moment.
Didymium squamulosum  by Barry Webb January 12th Didymium squamulosum (a Slime Mould with no common name)

In Naphill Common on the 'Great Beech' Barry found several different 'Myxos' of which this was one of the commoner species though it's new for the site. See Barry's page on Finds for more images and information, also Finds 2021 December 30th.
Metatrichia floriformis  by Barry Webb January 12th Metatrichia floriformis (a Slime Mould with no common name)

In Naphill Common on the 'Great Beech' Barry found several different 'Myxos' of which this was another of the commoner species and again is new to the site. See Barry's page on Finds for more images and information, also Finds 2021 January 12th(!) and Finds 2020 October 17th.
Abortiporus biennis  by Gill Ferguson January 12th Abortiporus biennis (Blushing Rosette)

In Naphill Common Gill Ferguson was intrigued by these strange droplets oozing out of some white resupinate fungus on fallen Beech. On seeing her close-up photo Penny at first thought this must be the very common Schizopora paradoxa (Split Porecrust) though could find no reference to it producing droplets. Then, when she recalled exactly where Gill had said she'd found it in Naphill near the Great Beech, Penny realised what it must be. This is a regular species on the fallen Beech there, and is also one which can be confusing to identify because it regularly doesn't form the typical rosette shape which gives it its common name. What it often produces when conditions are moist enough, however, is droplets of coloured liquid! See also Finds 2021 October 26th which is an amazing example showing both the droplets, the white 'toothlike' pored surface and the lack of rosette shape! Two further examples showing the Rosette shape - both from the same spot in Naphill Common as here - can be found in Finds 2020, September 25th and October 28th
Gliophorus reginae  by Sarah Ebdon Gliophorus reginae  by Sarah Ebdon January 12th Gliophorus reginae (Jubilee Waxcap)

In Lacey Green Churchyard Sarah Ebdon was excited to find maybe ten specimens of this very rare Waxcap (closely related to G. psittacinus) pushing up through the mossy ground. On hearing about this and never having seen it before, Penny couldn't resist coming to see it and was suitably impressed. This was in fact the third spot in this churchyard where Sarah's found it in the last few weeks (see also Finds 2021 December 15th). When Kew expert Martyn Ainsworth (co-author of the species when described 10 years ago in honour of the Queen - another Jubilee year!) was informed by Penny of today's remarkable crop of fruitbodies, he responded 'It doesn't seem to mind winter as much as some of its relatives ........ it was often seen after Christmas in the field which became the type locality and it was late Jan when I first saw it there for myself.' The photos here are all Sarah's, the final two are of a further collection from a fourth spot at this site made on January 17th.
Macrocystidia cucumis  by Penny Cullington Macrocystidia cucumis  by Penny Cullington January 12th Macrocystidia cucumis (Cucumber Cap)

In Bradenham Churchyard under Yew Penny spotted this quite distinctive mushroom - just a singleton here though often it can be found in large numbers. (See also in Finds 2021 October 25th for more information and also a better photo!).
Trichia botrytis  by Claire Williams Trichia botrytis  by Claire Williams Trichia botrytis  by Claire Williams January 12th Trichia botrytis (a Slime Mould with no common name)

In Naphill Common Barry Webb found this tiny slime mould on fallen wood (the photo is by Claire Williams).The photos show three stages of development - this not being unusual to find occurring together in one colony of slime moulds. See also on Barry's page in Finds.
Phleogena faginea  by Claire Williams January 12th Phleogena faginea (Fenugreek Stalkball)

In Naphill Common Barry Webb found this unusual and very small species on fallen wood (the photo is by Claire Williams), one which looks amazingly like a species of Physarum (a slime mould) but is in fact a Basidiomycete and more closely related to the Puffballs. It develops a remarkably persistent 'curry' smell as it dries once collected. See also in Finds 2021 dated Jan 28th.
 Dasyscyphella nivea  by Claire Williams January 12th Dasyscyphella nivea (a white disco with no common name)

In Naphill Common Barry Webb found these tiny hairy white discos on fallen wood (the photo is by Claire Williams), and from the photo Penny surmises this is not Lachnum virgineum as suggested but D. nivea (previously also in Lachnum) owing to the lack of a longish stem to the discs and also the plentiful droplets trapped within the hairs and typical of this equally common species. (See also in the report for Rushbeds Wood, November 20th 2021.)

January 10th 2022

Steccherinum ochraceum  by Jim Wills Steccherinum ochraceum  by Jim Wills Steccherinum ochraceum  by Jim Wills January 10th Steccherinum ochraceum (Ochre Spreading Tooth)

In a wood near Chalfont St. Peter Jim Wills noticed this line of small brackets on a fallen branch, possibly Oak. Turning one over he noticed the unusual 'peg-like' orange underside so took it home to try and work out what it could be, coming up correctly with this name as a possibility. After comparing his photos with various images and descriptions online and elsewhere, Penny is happy to confirm his identification though at first she was unsure. Described mainly as a fully resupinate species (the form with which she was familiar), it can apparently also form small brackets as here, which are zoned and often green with moss / algi, also as here. This is an occasional species for which we have about a dozen records.
Tremella mesentrica  by Joanna Dodsworth Tremella mesentrica  by Penny Cullington Tremella mesentrica  by Penny Cullington January 10th Tremella mesentrica (Yellow Brain) microscope

On a fallen deciduous branch in Brill Common Joanna spotted this gelatinous yellow lump which, as it looked a bit different from usual to her, she took home and checked. She then discovered that the species is parasitic on the mycelium of the corticioid genus Peniophora (though the fruiting body not always visible) and sure enough there is indeed some dried up Peniophora nearby in her photo. Photos 2 and 3 are of Penny's collection on fallen Oak in Burnham Beeches a week later where also some Peniophora is visible nearby. (See also Finds 2021 dated July 8th.) It is worth noting that if you find this species growing on Stereum hirsutum rather than on Peniophora, you may have the very similar but rarely recorded Tremella aurantia!

January 8th 2022

Pleurotus ostreatus  by Jackie Ewanenny Cullington Pleurotus ostreatus  by Jackie Ewanenny Cullington January 8th Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster Mushroom) microscope

At Stampwell Farm on a dying Elder trunk Jackie Ewan noticed this large 'bracket' growing out of a fault. It measured an amazing 26 cm across but was clearly gilled underneath with an eccentric stem, pointing to the genus Pleurotus. On checking the spores she realised that they were too small for either P. dryinus or cornucopiae, so despite its remarkable size and the fact that it was single and not clustered she reckoned it must be the common P. ostreatus. Penny was at first somewhat doubtful about this but is now in agreement, taking into account not only the spore size but also the smooth cap surface Jackie had noted together with the surprisingly large size range quoted for this species in several books. Though more familiar to us when smaller and forming large clusters on fallen wood, it can obviously become really large like this when all its energy goes into just one rather than several fruitbodies.
Gamundia striatula  by Russell Ness Gamundia striatula  by Russell Ness Gamundia striatula  by Russell Ness January 8th Gamundia striatula (Lined Meadowcap) microscope

In December at Dorney Wetlands Russell Ness found some interesting little mushrooms growing amongst gravelly moss and dog lichen. Working on them later he concluded they were probably this species but could not see the tiny spines on the spores necessary to confirm the identification. Finding the species again today he tried again and this time with success: viewing them x 1000 in KOH did the trick! Photo 1 is of his December collection, photos 2 and 3 are today's. This is a rare little LBJ, not often recorded and a first for the county, so an exciting find.

January 7th 2022

Coprinopsis echinospora  by Derek Schafer Coprinopsis echinospora  by Derek Schafer Coprinopsis echinospora  by Derek Schafer January 7th Coprinopsis echinospora (Warty Inkcap) microscope

On our Naphill Common Walk back in October this species was collected and identified by Derek, who then inoculated some sterilised woodchip with the remnants of the specimen in the hope of producing more fruitbodies. Nothing happened for two months but he was rewarded with fruiting throughout December (photos 1-3). He says it has just about finished now but he is hopeful that more (or something different) might appear at any time!This is not a common Inkcap with only two previous records prior to the find at Naphill. The common name refers to its very unusual warty spores which, however, make it an easy Inckap to identify with a scope.

January 6th 2022

Collaria rubens  by Barry Webb Collaria rubens  by Barry Webb Collaria rubens  by Barry Webb January 6th Collaria rubens (a rare Slime Mould with no common name)

In Hodgemoor Woods Barry Webb found no less than six different species (all slime moulds except for Marasmius hudsonii) within one foot of each other under a Holly bush when looking for the Marasmius. C. rubens was the most interesting of them but he was unsure of its identification until Myxo expert Edvin Johannesen confirmed it from Barry's exquisite photos. He then found this rare species again in Naphill Common a week later. Photo1 (Hodgemoor) shows the tiny collar just under the sporangia typical of the species. Photos 2 and 3 (Naphill) show both immature and mature specimens. The species is described as occurring in leaf litter, especially Ivy and Holly as here. This is yet another Slime Mould new to the county. (For more examples of the genus go to Barry's separate page on Finds.)
Diderma umbilicatum  by Barry Webb January 6th Diderma umbilicatum (a Slime Mould with no common name)

In Hodgemoor Woods Barry Webb found this species - not rare but still new to the county - on an oak twig in leaf litter. Diderma is a large genus of 70 odd species characterised by their crusty coating of lime crystals. Today's species is quite large for a slime mould - up to 1.3 mm across(!) - with pale shiny heads and a thick short orange umbilicate stalk beneath. (For more examples of the genus go to Barry's separate page on Finds.)
Physarum album  by Barry Webb January 6th Physarum album (a Slime Mould with no common name)

In Hodgemoor Woods Barry found this really photogenic example of quite a common Myxo on a curled up dead Holly leaf. Previously known as P. nutans (meaning nodding), when mature the heads of this species usually dip over as can be seen here. It is more often found on dead wood or bark, less often in moss or leaf litter as here. (For more examples of the genus go to Barry's separate page on Finds.)
Exidiopsis effusa  by Claire Williams Exidiopsis effusa  by Claire Williams Exidiopsis effusa  by Claire Williams Exidiopsis effusa  by Claire Williams Exidiopsis effusa  by Claire Williams January 6th Exidiopsis effusa (the jelly fungus responsible for causing the phenomenon HAIR ICE)

In Lane End Claire Williams took these fabulous photos of what is known as Hair Ice, a rare phenomenon which can form on fallen sticks in frosty weather when conditions are perfect for its formation as they clearly were last night! See also her photo when she found it here last year in Finds 2021 dated Jan 8th. Photo 2 here shows how the bark of the twig has been lifted off by the ice as it forms. Also it's worth taking a look at member John Tyler's article entitled 'The strange case of the ice-making fungus' on the Articles page on our website, written several years ago, which sheds more light on it. There is much more online about it as well. One can't see the actual fungus within the wood but as it is now proven that it is responsible for causing this beautiful white moustache-like icy growth, it must be present!

January 4th 2022

Lamproderma scintillans  by Barry Webb Lamproderma scintillans  by Barry Webb Lamproderma scintillans  by Barry Webb Lamproderma scintillans  by Barry Webb Lamproderma scintillans  by Barry Webb January 4th Lamproderma scintillans (a Slime Mould with no common name)

When in Hodgemoor Woods a week or so ago when Barry Webb and Gill found the delectable Marasmius hudsonii (see 2021 dated Dec 30th), Barry collected the Holly leaf on which that fungus was fruiting and - as is his habit - kept it in his greenhouse to see what else might appear. Lo and behold and to his delight, today's lovely species is what appeared! These little glistening iridescent gems are less than 1mm tall and occur on old rotting leaves, particularly of Holly and also ferns. Photos 2 and 3 were taken over the next couple of days from the same collection showing the variation in colour typical of the species as it matures. Photos 4 and 5 are from when he found it again at Naphill Common on January 12th. See more details and an image of our only other county record on Barry's separate page on Finds, also on Finds 2020 dated Dec 24th.
Mycena galopus  by Derek Schafer January 4th Mycena galopus (Common)

Following his find of the rare Marasmiellus tricolor at Stoke Common yesterday, Jim Wills returned today and hoped he'd collected more material of the same species. However, when examined by Derek Schafer it turned out to be not the same at all but the common M. galopus! (Note the large drop of 'milk' on the stem of this tiny specimen - Derek's photo.) It is interesting that of our 250 odd county records of this species we have a handful from January but all found either in 1998 or 2001 which, checking online, were pretty well frost free and damp in the south for much of that month.
Entoloma conferendum  by Jackie Ewan Entoloma conferendum  by Jackie Ewan January 4th Entoloma conferendum (Star Pinkgill) microscope

In a grassy area at Stampwell Farm Jackie Ewan noticed this singleton LBJ and turning it over realised the gills were suitably pink making it an Entoloma species. Luckily this is not only one of the commonest grassland Pinkgills but also about the easiest to identify, having very distinctive and unique star-shaped spores (hence its common name). For more see Finds 2020 dated Oct 30th.
Xylaria hypoxylon  by Jackie Ewan January 4th Xylaria hypoxylon (Candlesnuff)

At Stampwell Farm on a fallen deciduous stick Jackie Ewan noticed this common species still looking quite fresh. For more see Finds 2020 dated Oct 20th, also 2021 dated Nov 13th.

January 3rd 2022

Peziza vesiculosa  by Bob Simpson Peziza vesiculosa  by Bob Simpson Peziza vesiculosa  by Bob Simpson January 3rd Peziza vesiculosa (Blistered Cup) microscope

On a bale of hay in Weasel's Lane nr Milton Keynes a neighbour of Bob Simpson's noticed this tight cluster of cups and sent him a photo. After much deliberation and discussion over its identity we are now quite sure that this is Peziza vesiculosa (confirmed by expert Kerry Robinson) despite the lack of blue tips when viewed in Melzers reagent with a scope! Everything else fits like a glove including the wrinkled inner surface (seen in photo 3), the fluted edges to the crowded cups and the unusual substrate. The genus mostly occurs on fallen wood or soil but this species occurs all year round on dung heaps with straw and hay, also on bales and piles of rotting grass etc. We have good numbers of county records but none since 2014 and only two in January though Kerry says the species withstands wintry conditions well. We reckon the recent hard frosts account for the lack of reaction to Melzers here.
Marasmiellus tricolor  by Jim Wills Marasmiellus tricolor  by Jim Wills Marasmiellus tricolor  by Jim Wills January 3rd Marasmiellus tricolor (a Parachute with no common name) microscope

In an open mossy area at Stoke Common Jim Wills noticed this tiny little white mushroom, puzzled over it and eventually took it over to Penny who, having seen his photos, thought it might be something interesting. The cap was only 5mm across and the stem 15 mm long, it had a frosty appearance all over and the widely spaced gills and dark almost blackish stem base were distinctive features. The determination is not definite and we hope to get it sequenced, also Jim is sending further specimens fresh to Derek to check, but if confirmed this is new to the county and a rare species of acid grassland.
Chlorociboria aeruginascens  by Joanna Dodsworth Chlorociboria aeruginascens  by Joanna Dodsworth January 3rd Chlorociboria aeruginascens (Green Elfcup)

On a felled deciduous trunk in Brill Common Joanna Dodsworth found this large colony of cups. What is unusual about this find is not just that it's so late in the season but also that the species is commonly found on twigs and smallish fallen deciduous branches, not sawn off ends of large trunks as here! See also Finds 2020 dated Oct 12th, also 2021 dated Sept 1st.
Flammulina velutipes  by Joanna Dodsworth Flammulina velutipes  by Jackie Ewan January 3rd Flammulina velutipes (Velvet Shank)

In Brill Common on a deciduous log Joanna Dodsworth found this typical late season species - one that often doesn't make an appearance until after the first frosts and can even be found in really wintry weather. It forms tight clumps on fallen deciduous wood, both standing and fallen, and occasionally occurs on conifer. Photo 2 is a magnificent clump of the same species found by Jackie Ewan at Stampwell Farm on a standing Ash trunk the next day. (No coincidence, this! Our Finds entries since 2020 are full of examples of this happening.)
Sarcomyxa serotina  by Penny Cullington Sarcomyxa serotina  by Penny Cullington Sarcomyxa serotina  by Penny Cullington January 3rd Sarcomyxa serotina (Olive Oysterling) microscope

On the underside a fallen Willow trunk in Rushbeds Wood Penny noticed this 'Pleurotoid' species (photo 1) but had to break several of the brackets off to be able to view it properly. The yellowish eccentric stem was a strong clue to the species though the dull brown cap colour could have belonged to several other species but at home the scope revealed tiny allantoid (sausage-shaped) spores and also the flesh was extremely gelatinous - all good pointers to this unusual but not rare species (previously known as Panellus serotinus, the species name meaning late season). When fresh and at its best the caps are olive greenish but this colour usually fades quickly. We have quite a few sites in the county where it's been recorded but it was new to Rushbeds Wood today.
Auricularia auricula-judae  by Penny Cullington January 3rd Auricularia auricula-judae (Jelly Ear)

On a living Elder trunk in Rushbeds Wood Penny found a few species of this species fruiting. See Finds 2021 dated Oct 5th for more notes and images.
Crepidotus cesatii  by Penny Cullington Crepidotus cesatii  by Penny Cullington January 3rd Crepidotus cesatii (Round-spored Oysterling) microscope

In Rushbeds Wood Penny saw several twigs / stick with small specimens of this genus, then eventually found an example worth illustrating. There are two particularly common species on twigs which are virtually impossible to separate unless one looks at the spores: C. variabilis and C. cesatii. Today's had round spores whereas C. variabilis has cylindrical spores though both have spores with a fine ornamentation.
Exidia nucleata  by Penny Cullington Exidia nucleata  by Penny Cullington Exidia nucleata  by Penny Cullington January 3rd Exidia nucleata (Crystal Brain)

On deciduous sticks, probably Oak, in Rushbeds Wood Penny spotted several collections of this jelly-like fungus. The small white gelatinous blobs are quite distinctive and one can often see the hard white tiny 'nucleus' within which characterises the species (just about visible in photo 2). See also Finds 2020 dated Nov 5th.
Daedaleopsis confragosa  by Penny Cullington Daedaleopsis confragosa  by Penny Cullington January 3rd Daedaleopsis confragosa (Blushing Bracket)

On fallen Willow in Rushbeds Wood Penny found good numbers of this very common species though none were fresh and all were turning dark reddish brown on top with hard dry pores underneath which don't 'blush' when pressed. When in this old dry state the species can confuse people but the red colour, half-moon shape and hard unblushing pores are typical. It is really common on fallen Birch and Willow. See Finds 2021 dated Sept 1st, also 2020 dated Sept 20th & Oct 8th for more examples.
LClavulinopsis luteoalba  by Penny Cullington LClavulinopsis luteoalba  by Jackie Ewan January 3rd Clavulinopsis luteoalba (Apricot Club) microscope

In a mossy woodland glade in Rushbeds Wood Penny noticed these brightly coloured clubs standing out. Yes, it is late in the season to be finding these but not that unusual for them to appear in woodland despite the fact that they are thought of a grassland species. (On our Rushbeds Walk in late November we found 4 species of Waxcap which also surprised some people.) However today's species appears to be new to the site. Photo 2 is of a further collection made by Jackie Ewan at Stampwell Farm the next day, proving yet again how species are triggered to fruit at the same time across a wide area.
Mycena filopes  by Penny Cullington January 3rd Mycena filopes (Iodine Bonnet) microscope

On her muddy winter stroll in Rushbeds Wood Penny, to her surprise, found two species of Bonnet - this one needing a scope to identify. This is a typical nondescript smallish to middle-sized Bonnet found very commonly in woodland litter and not nameable to species with any certainty without a scope. It could just as easily have been M. vitilis (Snapping Bonnet) especially as its iodine smell is often faint and at best takes time in a pot to develop. The method of waving the specimen about to see if the stem snaps as it breaks is proven not to be reliable, so neither of the common names are particularly useful!
Mycena galericulata  by Penny Cullington Mycena galericulata  by Penny Cullington Mycena galericulata  by Joanna Dodsworth Mycena galericulata  by Joanna Dodsworth January 3rd Mycena galericulata (Common Bonnet)

This was the second unseasonal species of Bonnet Penny found in Rushbeds Wood - this one growing on a deciduous stump and recognisable in the field. Photo 2 shows the largest cap upturned and the gills opened out to reveal the telltale cross-ridges (galleries) which confirm the species. It is a large grey-brown capped Bonnet found only on deciduous wood on which it is firmly rooted - on collection one nearly always snaps the stem base off as a result. Photos 3 and 4 were sent in by Joanna Dodsworth from Brill Common, found on the same day (and only a mile away!) and rather putting Penny's photos in the shade - what a bumper crop!

January 1st 2022

Sarcoscypha austriaca  by Claire Williams Sarcoscypha austriaca  by Claire Williams Sarcoscypha austriaca  by Penny Cullington January 1st Sarcoscypha austriaca (Scarlet Elfcup)

The perfect way to start off our 2022 photos! On New Year's Eve Claire Williams noticed this little beauty just opening out on fallen rotting deciduous wood in Downley Common (photo 1), then went back today to check various other spots in Downley where she's seen this species in previous years. She reports 13 sightings! Photo 2 was the best of them. This is a typical springtime Cup Fungus and one which is easy to recognise too, so is certainly one to be looking out for now in damp deciduous woodland, particularly on fallen Willow where the wood is in contact with the soil. Penny is not surprised it's around now, having found signs of it starting (tiny little 'buds' of pink) back in November on our walk at Rushbeds - another regular site for it. If ever there was proof of the value of getting to know your local patch where many species reappear year after year, this is surely it! (Photo 3 is of a tiny specimen just emerging in woody litter, taken by Penny in Rushbeds Wood on Jan 3rd.)
Arrhenia retiruga  by Joanna Dodsworth January 1st Arrhenia retiruga (Small Moss Oysterling) microscope

In her mossy lawn at home in Brill Joanna found good numbers of this unusual species which seems to be having a bumper fruiting season. For more see Finds dated Dec 3rd.
Russula betularum  by Penny Cullington January 1st Russula betularum (Birch Brittlegill)

At Turville Heath in grassy litter under Birch Penny was somewhat surprised to find this species fruiting so late in the season - in fact this was her first January Brittlegill that she can remember! For more see Finds 2021 dated Sept 1st and Nov 13th.
Strobilurus esculentus    by Penny Cullington Strobilurus esculentus    by Penny Cullington January 1st Strobilurus esculentus (Sprucecone Cap) microscope

Under a large Spruce at Turville Heath Penny found just the one specimen of this rather Mycenoid species which can mislead. One look at the very distinctive gill cells is enough to confirm its identity, however. For more see Finds 2021 dated Nov 13th.
Tubaria furfuracea  by Penny Cullington Tubaria furfuracea  by Penny Cullington January 1st Tubaria furfuracea (Scurfy Twiglet)

Under various deciduous trees in woody litter at Turville Heath Penny found several specimens of this common little LBJ which often confuses people. For more see Finds 2020 dated Oct 3rd.
Cylindrobasidium laeve  by Penny Cullington Cylindrobasidium laeve  by Penny Cullington January 1st Cylindrobasidium laeve (Tear Dropper) microscope

On a fallen deciduous stick at Turville Heath Penny noticed this brightly coloured Corticioid patch which looked to her similar to maybe Stereum rameale or S. rugosum. However, noting that it didn't redden when damaged eliminated the latter, then noting that it peeled readily away from its substrate suggested this species rather than the other Stereum. At home the large tear-drop-shaped spores confirmed it. The white margin of this very common Corticioid is another typical feature to look for in the field.
Exidia glandulosa Latin by Penny Cullington Exidia glandulosa Latin by Penny Cullington January 1st Exidia glandulosa (Witches’ Butter) microscope

On fallen Lime branches at Turville Heath Penny found good numbers of examples of this black jelly-like species. She checked that the black did not stain her finger when the top surface was rubbed - a pointer to the similar but unrelated Bulgaria inquinans which is an Asco rather than a Basidiomycete as here - then noted the finely bumpy undersurface which is a feature of both this species and the very similar E. plana - often confused with it. Then at home the larger spores of this particular species confirmed the determination.
Gymnopus peronatus  by Penny Cullington January 1st Gymnopus peronatus (Wood Woollyfoot)

At Turville Heath Penny found these two rather past-their-best specimens still fruiting under the same Pine where she took a previous photo. For more see Finds 2021 dated Nov 13th.
Rhodocollybia butyracea  by Penny Cullington January 1st Rhodocollybia butyracea (Butter Cap)

At Turville Heath in grassy litter under Birch Penny found just this one rather atypical clump and was in doubt as to its identity till she felt the greasy cap surface and saw the white gills with the correct attachment for this common late season species. For more see Finds 2021 dated Nov 13th.
Clitocybe fragrans  by Penny Cullington Clitocybe fragrans  by Penny Cullington Clitocybe fragrans  by Sarah Ebdon January 1st Clitocybe fragrans (Fragrant Funnel)

Penny found quite a few examples of this common Funnel still fruiting (and still smelling sweet) at Turville Heath in grassy litter under mixed deciduous and conifer trees. Photo 3 is of a yet further collection made by Penny and Sarah Ebdon on Jan 12th at Lacey Green Churchyard. For more see Finds 2021 dated November18th.
Paralepista flaccida  by Penny Cullington Paralepista flaccida  by Penny Cullington January 1st Paralepista flaccida (Tawny Funnel)

Under the same Birch where Penny found it previously at Turville Heath, this species (more familiar as Lepista flaccida) was still fruiting and recognisable today. For more see Finds 2021 dated Nov 13th.
Trametes versicolor  by Jim Wills January 1st Trametes versicolor versus Bjerkandera adusta (Turkeytail versus Smoky Bracket)

On fallen Oak at Stoke Common Jim Wills noticed these two species quite close together and was able to make a comparison of their pored surfaces underneath - this being the best way to tell them apart as their top surfaces can look extremely similar. Above is the plain creamy white finely pored undersurface of T. versicolor and below is the equally pored but grey undersurface of B. adusta showing its diagnostic white rim. The third species which is equally common to these two and can look very similar above is Stereum hirsutum, but this has an almost smooth orange underside.
Panellus stipticus  by Jim Wills January 1st Panellus stipticus (Bitter Oysterling)

On a deciduous log at Stoke Common Jim Wills found this small bracket-like species which has gills but an eccentric stem. See Finds 2020 dated Oct 3rd, also 2021 dated Nov 17th & Dec 22nd for more notes and images.
Trichaptum abietinum  by Jim Wills Trichaptum abietinum  by Jim Wills January 1st Trichaptum abietinum (Purplepore Bracket)

At Stoke Common Jim Wills found this common small bracket which grows on fallen conifer. See Finds 2020 dated Nov 7th for more notes and images.